Machine Guarding

The Study of Machine Guarding (Machine Guarding) concerns the sample control of the protection systems and safety devices of the production machines of an industrial facility with the aim of avoiding accidents.

The object of the study is the “mapping”, classification and qualitative determination of the occupational risk associated with the protection systems and safety devices of the production machines of the facility and with the safety distance and its determination on a case-by-case basis.

The purpose of the study is to highlight a specific process, which will provide the possibility of controlling the relevant risk factors and will be able to be implemented easily, yielding the maximum possible level of protection and taking, as the case may be, the necessary corrective measures.

The necessity of the study arises from the huge number of occupational accidents with a high rate of amputations which exceeds the number of 18.000 and also deaths which exceed the number of 800, according to the research carried out in 2023 by the Department of Labor institute.




The Machine Guarding Study is implemented by the scientific staff of Biosafety according to:

  • The standard ISO 13857:2008: Safety of machinery — Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
  • Law 3850/2010: A.34 Prevention of Occupational Risk from Machinery
  • PD 57/2010: Adaptation of Greek Legislation to Directive 2006/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council “regarding machinery and the amendment of Directive 95/16/EC” and repealing PD. 18/96 and 377/93:
  • 3 Protection Measures against mechanical risks
  • 4 Required characteristics for bumpers and protective devices


The implementation process:

  • Autopsy
  • Gap opening category determination
  • Measurement of relevant parameters
  • Identification of body parts at risk
  • Comparison with required security values
  • Hazard identification and taking corrective actions
  • Delivery of a photo file with corresponding coding of the hazard table

Benefits – Advantages

  • Reinforcement of Health & Safety culture
  • Avoiding accidents
  • Minimization of direct and indirect costs
  • Productivity protection
  • Protection of employees